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Title: Evaluation of left atrial volume and functions by real time three-dimensional echocardiography in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism before and after levothyroxine therapy
Authors: Bayramoglu, Adil
Dereli, Seckin
Kaya, Ahmet
Ozbilen, Muhammet
Ozer, Nurtac
Ordu Üniversitesi
Keywords: left atrial volume and function; levothyroxine therapy; real time three-dimensional echocardiography; subclinical hypothyroidism
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: WILEY, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Abstract: Background/Aims The cardiovascular system is one of the major targets of thyroid hormones. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is a common disease that can represent "early" thyroid failure. Our aim was to evaluate left atrial (LA) volume and functions in patients with SCH using real time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) and also to investigate changes in LA parameters after the levothyroxine treatment. Methods In total, 44 patients with SCH and 40 age- and gender-matched controls were studied. Assessments included history, physical examination and echocardiography. All patients with SCH were followed up with replacement therapy until the euthyroid status was achieved. Results In patients with SCH, LA total emptying volume, passive emptying volume, and passive ejection fraction were significantly reduced while LA minimal volume, active emptying volume, and active emptying fraction were significantly increased than in control group. Following the levothyroxine treatment, LA volume and function parameters were observed to be significantly improved. A negative correlation between the change of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and change of LA active emptying volume and a positive correlation between the change of TSH level and change of LA passive emptying volume were found. Conclusion It was shown that volume and functions of LA were impaired in patients with SCH. However, impaired parameters were improved after the levothyroxine treatment. These findings may be indicative of subclinical heart involvement that could lead to functional and structural changes in patients with SCH.
Appears in Collections:Dahili Tıp Bilimleri

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