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Title: Does Adding Various Accelerators to Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Have a Negatively Effect on Push-Out Bond Strength?
Authors: Ilker, Alper
Sariyilmaz, Evren
Cakici, Fatih
Keywords: Accelerators; Calcium chloride; Disodium hydrogen orthophosphate; KY jelly; Mineral trioxide aggregate; Push-out bond strength
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Objective: This study compares the effect of the white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA) accelerators, including disodium hydrogen orthophosphate (Na2HPO4; 2.5 wt%), calcium chloride (CaCl2; 5 and 10 wt%), and KY jelly, on the push-out bond strength of WMTA. The null hypothesis was that the WMTA accelerators would not affect the push-out bond strength of WMTA. Materials and Methods: Slices (2-mm thick) were obtained from 75 human mandibular molar distal roots. The slices were enlarged up to size 6 Gates-Glidden burs to obtain a 1.5-mm canal diameter. The slices were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups and a control group (n = 15 in each group). Freshly prepared WMTA mixture was placed into the root slices and stored at 37 degrees C in a 100% humidified atmosphere for 60 days. The force required to dislodge the WMTA cement from the root slice was determined using a universal testing machine. The push-out bond strength was calculated. Results: Push-out bond strength of 5- and 10-wt% CaCl2, and 2.5-wt% Na2HPO4 WMTA groups was significantly lower than in the KY-jelly and control groups (p < 0.05). The mean push-out bond strength of KY jelly was lower than in the control group but not statistically significant. Conclusion: The addition of KY jelly to WMTA did not have an adverse effect on the push-out bond strength of WMTA, in contrast to the other accelerators, including Na2HPO4 and CaCl2, which reduced the push-out bond strength. (c) 2018 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel
Appears in Collections:Endodonti

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